How the body is affected
Diabetes affects the body in different ways and complications can occur over the years regardless of the type of diabetes you have.
Blood vessels and nerves often affected
Our blood vessels and nerves are affected by high blood sugar for a long time. Complications usually occur when you have had diabetes for many years. The risk of complications decreases with good blood sugar control. With today’s treatment, most people get fewer complications than before.
Diabetes can cause damage to the feet through changes in blood vessels (circulation) and sensation (nerve function). Nerve damage is usually the injury that comes first.
The most important factor for the occurrence of nerve damage and impaired circulation is the control of blood sugar and how long the disease has been.
Nerve damage leads to loss of sensation, both the superficial and the deep. Loss of feeling means that the person does not notice that the shoes are shattering or that the shoes are pressing. This, in turn, can cause ulcers. In severe nerve damage, pain impulses arise that cannot be interpreted by the brain, so-called nerve pain. The pain can be perceived as unbearable and it is often very difficult to treat.
Changes in the small and large blood vessels, atherosclerosis increase the risk of decreased circulation in the legs and feet. Reduced circulation makes it more difficult to heal wounds.
Regular examinations of the feet, so-called foot status, can early find changes in blood vessels and nerves and through treatment prevent serious damage to the feet. Feet should be examined at least once a year by a physician, diabetes-trained foot therapist or diabetes nurse, more often in problems with nerve damage and or reduced sensation.
To know if there are changes in the feet, the following examinations are done. To control the feel, use a tuning fork that measures the deep feel and monofilament thread (a fibrous thread that bends at a certain pressure) that measures the superficial feel. The circulation is examined by sensing the pulses and / or blood pressure in the feet. Based on the above studies and inspection of the feet, the profession makes a risk assessment of the feet.
Heart and vessels
risk of cardiovascular disease is increased in diabetes, both in type 1 and type 2 diabetes. It is primarily the large blood vessels that suffer from high blood sugar. The blood vessels can suffer from atherosclerosis and in later stages of atherosclerosis.
Myocardial infarctionThe most common vascular complication is myocardial infarction, but also stroke (ie blood clot in the brain or cerebral haemorrhage) and decreased circulation in the legs (so-called window-sill disease) are more common in people with diabetes than others.
More than 20 percent of those who are cared for a heart attack have a previously known diabetes. Nearly two-thirds of those without known diabetes either have a precursor to the disease or develop diabetes when they have a heart attack.
People with diabetes are more likely to suffer from heart attacks than others, with greater risk of subsequent rhythm disorders and heart failure. Modern infarction therapy is particularly beneficial in diabetes, such as thrombolytic medication, blood thinning, and cardioprotective medicine.
The risk of a heart attack increases with rising blood sugar. Other factors that contribute to atherosclerosis are smoking, high blood pressure and elevated blood fats.
In the case of type 2 diabetes, there is a link to cardiovascular disease via the so-called metabolic syndrome, a disorder in metabolism that leads to reduced insulin sensitivity (insulin resistance) high blood pressure, blood fat disorders and abdominal obesity. All in all, this leads to atherosclerosis and a reduced ability to dissolve blood clots.
It has long been known that the blood has an increased tendency to form blood clots in diabetes, since the inside of the blood vessels emits more of a so-called von Willebrand factor than in people without diabetes. This factor is needed for the blood to be able to cope with an injury, but if too much the blood tends to clump. Other substances in the blood are also produced in “incorrect” proportions, which also causes the clogging of small and large blood vessels.
New data indicates that people with type 2 diabetes are at the same risk of suffering from cardiovascular disease as people without diabetes with already developed coronary artery disease, which has led the Medical Products Agency to raise type 2 diabetes to the same level of risk as having undergone a heart attack. Even in type 1 diabetes, the risk of heart attack increases.
The risk of heart attack is two to five times higher for people with diabetes. But with a controlled blood sugar, the right treatment for common complications and a healthy lifestyle, the increased risk can be completely eradicated.
Diabetes As Well As Its Reasons
Diabetes mellitus is a team of connected conditions in which the body is unable to manage the quantity of sugar (sugar) into the blood. The cells does not respond in type2 diabetes. In this kind of instance the blood sugar levels obtains too high instigating extended serious problems.
diabetes mellitus, insulin, pancreas, genetics, insulin, genetics
Diabetic issues is a team of involved diseases in which the body is not able to control the quantity of sugar (sugar) into the blood. The cells does not respond in type2 diabetes. In this type of case the blood glucose degrees gets expensive initiating extended severe issues.
Scientists have actually identified different genetics related with the growth of kind 1 diabetes mellitus. The customary belief about the etiology, cause, of type 1 diabetes mellitus is that although someone may have a hereditary disposition for creating kind 1 diabetes mellitus, ecological triggers such as virus, toxic substance, medication are responsible to launch the autoimmune procedure which triggers type 1 diabetes by ruining insulin-producing pancreatic beta cells.
Type 1 Diabetes mellitus affects just 5 % of all diabetics. By the researchers perspective it is by far the worst of both kinds. In type 1 the cells which develop insulin are damaged – an autoimmune response triggering reliance on outside sources of insulin. Until currently there is no scientific treatment for type 1 diabetes.
In kind 2 diabetic issues the cell receptors that reply to insulin either do not work totally or not triggering insulin resistance as much as the mark. The most regular as well as usual danger variables for Kind 2 Diabetes mellitus are age factor, inactive way of life and also being overweight. Genetics additionally plays the essential duty in it
Type 2 Diabetes mellitus is provided the name as the disease of lifestyle. Certainly it is seen in great deal of individuals, as you go older day by day your metabolism decreases, you begin putting on weight, and also consequently you are much less energetic and much more sedentary-an obvious reasons for the condition.
Genes: A Threat Aspect Diabetes
It is seen that native individuals with high portion of Indian blood are regularly to establish diabetes. There is no certain reason that why this genetic disorder happens, however one theory is that at once when food was not in plenty, the body adjusted for these incline times by storing extra fat for this purpose.
The Various other Factors:
If you have actually been found with any problems with your flow, had a heart attack or a stroke, or if you have actually got high blood pressure you may go to an enhanced threat of diabetes mellitus or it might be the dawn of this illness in you.
Pregnant ladies can accumulate a temporary kind of diabetes mellitus ñ gestational diabetes mellitus. Having this signs and symptoms and also delivering a big child, can improve the risk of a female mosting likely to create extreme diabetic issues in the future.
Threat Variables Controlled By You:
Family history: In this type of instance risk of having diabetic issues is high, if you have a close loved one such as parent, bro, or sibling with diabetes mellitus. Gestational diabetes, or provided a baby who considers greater than 9 extra pounds. Women who have diabetes during pregnancy or have a huge child go to bigger risk for diabetes later in future, normally kind 2 diabetes mellitus.
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